CHICAGO (Nov.1, 1999) -- The Engine Manufacturers Association
(EMA) sponsored an economic study on the refining costs associated with the
desulfurization of diesel fuel. The study concludes that the incremental cost to
reduce current sulfur levels in diesel fuel 90% from 500 ppm to below 50 ppm
would be on average about 5-7 cents per gallon.
The report, entitled "Refining Economics of Diesel Fuel
Sulfur Standards" was prepared by MathPro, Inc. and was developed with
the cooperation of the American Petroleum Institute (API), the National Petroleum
Refiners Association (NPRA) and various refinery technology vendors. The MathPro
final report can be downloaded
in PDF format. More interesting is that the study also found that it would
cost only an additional 2 cents per gallon to go the rest of the way from 50
ppm to below 5 ppm sulfur", said Glenn Keller, EMA’s Executive Director.
"Sulfur in motor vehicle fuels is known to inhibit the performance of certain
emission control devices to be used on diesel engines."
A 5 ppm sulfur cap also is what emission control device
manufacturers have identified as necessary to maximize the performance of their
The US Environmental Protection Agency and the California Air
Resources Board have announced that the next generation of diesel engines will
be required to achieve more than a 90% reduction in NOx and particulate
emissions from 2004 product. "This emissions reduction target will require
near zero levels of sulfur to enable the commercial viability of catalytic
controls being developed for diesel engines," replied Keller.
"Engine manufacturers have already reduced diesel engine
particulates by 90% and NOx by 70% since the mid-70’s," said Keller.
"This industry is committed to further emissions reductions and is working
with fuel producers and catalyst suppliers to develop the next generation of
emission control technologies."